Property: See signal
Signalling a lesser form of supporting evidence, See indicates that the CSE Indirectly supports the SUS. Generally, there is an inferential step between the authority cited and the proposition it supports. Used for indirect or circumstantial evidence. The See citation signal is the opposite of the But see citation signal which is used for inferring contradiction.
- indirect evidence that tends to establish a conclusion by inference
Circumstantial evidence is evidence in which an inference is required to connect it to a conclusion of fact, like a fingerprint at the scene of a crime.
Ref: Circumstantial evidence, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Circumstantial_evidence&oldid=543774539 (last visited Mar. 27, 2013).
- a. The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
- b. The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.
The See signal requires an inferential step between the cited evidence and the conclusion as to the SUS's trueness. In other words, the cited is not considered hard evidence; but requires some assumptions to be in place in order for one to reasonably agree with the SUS.
Given the following assertion,
SUS: "John Smith took part in the steakhouse robbery"
and if a police officer's testimony is cited as,
CSE: See "on the night of the robbery, I saw Johnnie running away from the restaurant"
then, absent any other supporting evidence, several assumptions must be made in order to logically conclude that the SUS is true (that Johnnie indeed robbed the steakhouse):
- Johnnie was not at the restaurant for dinner
- There is no other reason for Johnnie to be running from the restaurant at the time of the robbery
- The running took place in very close proximity to the time of the robbery
- Johnnie is somehow associated with the known robbers of the steakhouse
All of these necessary assumptions needed in order to conclude that the SUS is true make this single citation amount to indirect (circumstantial) evidence and, by itself, does not substantiate the SUS and does not qualify for the stronger According to signal.
Pages using the property "See"
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