Jump to: navigation, search

Interpretation

Signalling a lesser form of supporting evidence, See indicates that the CSE Indirectly supports the SUS. Generally, there is an inferential step between the authority cited and the proposition it supports. Used for indirect or circumstantial evidence. The See citation signal is the opposite of the But see citation signal which is used for inferring contradiction.


Definitions

circumstantial evidence

n.

indirect evidence that tends to establish a conclusion by inference

Ref: Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged

circumstantial evidence

Circumstantial evidence is evidence in which an inference is required to connect it to a conclusion of fact, like a fingerprint at the scene of a crime.

Ref: Circumstantial evidence, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Circumstantial_evidence&oldid=543774539 (last visited Mar. 27, 2013).

in·fer·ence (ĭnʹfәr-әns)

n.

1.
a. The act or process of deriving logical conclusions from premises known or assumed to be true.
b. The act of reasoning from factual knowledge or evidence.

Ref: The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language


Description

The See signal requires an inferential step between the cited evidence and the conclusion as to the SUS's trueness. In other words, the cited is not considered hard evidence; but requires some assumptions to be in place in order for one to reasonably agree with the SUS.


Example

Given the following assertion,

SUS: "John Smith took part in the steakhouse robbery"

and if a police officer's testimony is cited as,

CSE: See "on the night of the robbery, I saw Johnnie running away from the restaurant"

then, absent any other supporting evidence, several assumptions must be made in order to logically conclude that the SUS is true (that Johnnie indeed robbed the steakhouse):

  1. Johnnie was not at the restaurant for dinner
  2. There is no other reason for Johnnie to be running from the restaurant at the time of the robbery
  3. The running took place in very close proximity to the time of the robbery
  4. Johnnie is somehow associated with the known robbers of the steakhouse


All of these necessary assumptions needed in order to conclude that the SUS is true make this single citation amount to indirect (circumstantial) evidence and, by itself, does not substantiate the SUS and does not qualify for the stronger According to signal.




Pages using the property "See"

Showing 16 pages using this property.

A

America’s top intelligence official acknowledged Tuesd +well it certainly could if your speaking, uh, I'd rather  +

D

Dr. Michael M. Baden, the former chief medical examiner +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +
Dr. Michael M. Baden, the former chief medical examiner (2) +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +

I

I don’t think it is more dangerous than alcohol. +The least physiologically toxic substances, those requir  +
It’s spread via contact with bodily fluids, but these +The disease can be spread as easily as walking by somebo  +

L

Logan Act, a 1799 law which forbids unauthorized citizen +the President alone has the power to speak or listen as  +

M

Michael Baden, a medical examiner who carried out the au +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +

O

On Sunday, at the request of Mr. Brown’s family, the b +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +
One was done Sunday by forensic pathologists Michael Bad +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +

P

People can be exposed to Ebola virus from direct physica +Massive amounts of viral antigens are seen in connective  +, Person to person transmission occurs by direct contact w  +, Diligent environmental cleaning and disinfection and saf  +

T

The autopsy was performed by Dr. Michael M. Baden, 80, t +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +
The government insisted that all of those parties be aff +no wire or electronic communications service provider, o  +
The virus can spread through the air? OMG! (It cannot.) +Ebola, because it is not airborne or spread by droplets  +

a

and airborne spread among humans is strongly suspected, +In several instances, secondary infections among contact  +, In this study (NH group), naive rhesus challenged by the  +

p

per the preliminary autopsy, which was conducted by Dr. +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +

w

who assisted former New York City chief medical examiner +But Mr. Parcells was emphatic Dr. Baden, who did review  +